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RALEIGH — Mecklenburg County voters rejected a plan to raise the sales tax to fund arts and parks. The quarter-cent tax would have taken the county’s rate from 7.25 percent to 7.5 percent, but 57 percent of voters said no.

The Mecklenburg Tax Alliance, led by Matthew Ridenhour, partnered with the N.C. chapter of Americans for Prosperity to campaign against the tax hike. Ridenhour was formerly on the Mecklenburg County Commission.

Ridenhour said a bipartisan, grassroots effort defeated the referendum.

“We had people from every part of the county, different socio-economic backgrounds, Republicans, Democrats, and unaffiliates,” he said.

Proponents of the tax hike spent about $1 million to support the referendum; opponents spent about $1,000.

The coalition opposed the increase for a variety of reasons. While some were against the idea of raising taxes, others were opposed to using the money for the arts — instead of, for example, housing or transportation.

If voters approved the sales tax hike, the county could have expected to bring in about $50 million.

In July, Mecklenburg County commissioners voted 7-2 to send 45 percent of that revenue to the Arts & Science Council, 34 percent for parks and greenways, 16 percent for public education, and 5 percent to small-town arts and culture projects.

Jeep Bryant, president of ASC, said it’s unfortunate the sales tax referendum failed.

“The disappointment is rooted in the great potential we could see — to create a more dynamic, more equitable ecosystem for arts and culture throughout Mecklenburg County,” Bryant said in a news release.

Although the Mecklenburg board promised to send much of the money to the ASC, the agreement isn’t binding.

Joe Coletti, a senior fellow at the John Locke Foundation, said commissioners have broken promises before when it comes to sales tax referendums.

In Buncombe County a few years ago, residents voted to raise taxes for new and renovated buildings at Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community Colleges. But the money trickled elsewhere. Since 2013, commissioners have transferred $15 million from the sales tax to the general fund.

Even if the Mecklenburg commissioners kept their promise, Coletti said, the ASC was asking for more money than it needed. Had the sales tax hike passed, the ASC would see $22.5 million, which, Coletti said, was nearly $7 million more than the council’s current budget

“I don’t know if this sets a precedent (as to) whether people are more opposed to taxes, because bond referendums pass all the time,” Coletti said.

Bonds don’t guarantee immediate tax increases and are committed to funding specific items, such as housing and school construction.

“You know the money is going to that, while a sales tax increase is forever, and it can’t be earmarked,” Coletti said.

A local sales and use tax referendum also failed in Cleveland County in a 64.07 percent to 35.93 percent vote.

The Nov. 5 municipal election also saw approval of several bonds across the state:

Durham — $95 million housing bond passed, 75.88 percent to 24.12 percent.

High Point — $6.5 million housing bond passed, 70.9 percent to 29.1 percent.

High Point — $21.5 million parks and recreation bond passed, 76.28 percent to 23.72 percent.

High Point — $22 million streets and sidewalk bond passed, 76.77 percent to 23.21 percent.

Saluda — Mixed beverage election passed, 77.07 percent to 22.93 percent.

Davidson — $14 million public facilities bond passed, 69.49 percent to 30.51 percent.

Davidson and Mooresville — Proposed sale of the Continuum cable and internet network for $80 million passed, 93.96 percent to 6.04 percent.

Pineville — Charter amendment failed, 51.62 percent to 48.38 percent.

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